Alshifa Natural Herbal Pharma

Tezpat, Bay leaf

تیزپات ، تیز پتہ، ساذج ہندی
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Urdu Name : Tezpat, (تیز پات)
Punjabi Name : Tezpater (تیز پتر)
Arabic Name : Saadhaj Hindee, Alsa’idhaj Alhindi, Arjul Aljarad
Alqurfat Altaamaliat, Awraq alssadhij alhindii, (أوراق الساذج الهندي)
(السَإذَج الهِنْدِي) ( أَرْجُل الجَرَاد) ( القرفة التامالية) ( ساذج الهندي) (ساذج هندي)
Persian Name : Sazaj-e-Hindi, (ساذج ہندی)
Hindi Name : Tejpat, Tejpatta, (تیج پات) (تیج پتہ)
English Name : Cassia Cinnamon, Bay leaf, Malabar Leaf
Malabathrum Leaf,
( كاسياسيناموموم) (بے لیف) (مالابار لیف) (ملاباتحرم لیف)
Latin name : Cinnamomum tamala Fr. Nees. (سيناموموم تاملا فر. نیس)
Bengali Name : Tejpatra, Tejpata, (تیج پترا) (تیج پتا)
Chinese Name : La pi shu, (لا پی شو)
French Name : Laurier des Indes, (لورئر دس انڈس)
German Name : lndisches Lorbeerblatt, Mutterzimt
(مترزمت) (اندیشس لوربیربلات)
Gujarati Name : Tamala Patra, Develee, (تمالا پترا) (دیویلی)
Kannada Name : Tamalapatra, (تمال پترا)
Kashmiri Name : Tajpatra, (تاج پترا)
Marathi Name : Tamalpatra, (تمال پترا)
Sanskrit Name : Tejpatra, Tvakpatra, Tamalpatra
(تیج پترا) (توکپترا) (تمال پترا)

ریسرچ، تحریر و ترتیب حکیم محمد عرفان
اس آرٹیکل کو کاپی کرنے والے کے خلاف فوری قانونی کاروائی کی جائے
گی کیونکہ ایک آرٹیکل کو مکمل کرنے میں کئی دن سخت محنت ہوتی ہے


The leaves are antiinflammatory, astringent, carminative, constipative, deobstruent, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, hypoglycemic, lactagogue, stimulant and tonic. It is useful in indigestion, bloating, cough, flatulence, heartburn, dry mouth, nausea and bad breath. Also useful in palpitation, weakness of heart and insanity.

Recommended Dosage
1 to 3 g powder of dried leaves.

This herb has no known warnings or contraindications.

Bay leaf nutrition facts

Pleasantly aromatic bay leaf or bay-laurel is one of the well-recognized culinary leaf-spices in use since the earliest times. In the legends, bay laurel is depicted as the tree of the Sun god, under the celestial sign of Leo.

Botanically, bay tree belongs to the family of Lauraceae, in the genus; Laurus. It is thought to have originated in Asia Minor region, from where it distributed to all over the Mediterranean region and other parts of Asia.

Scientific name: Laurus nobilis.

Laurel’s thick and leathery leaves feature elliptic shape, shiny, dark-green and measure about 3-4 inches in length.

Bay leaves give off a pleasing and sweet aroma when added to the recipes. Wilted and dried leaves indeed are strongly aromatic and can be stored for months. Its dried fruit (berries) can also be employed as a flavoring agent in the cuisine.

Health benefits of bay leaf

  • Bay leaf was prized highly by the Greeks and the Romans, who believed that the herb symbolizes wisdom, peace, and protection.
  • The spice contains many important plant-derived chemical compounds, minerals, and vitamins that are essential for optimum health.
  • This spice has many volatile active components such as a-pinene, ß-pinene, myrcene, limonene, linalool, methyl chavicol, neral, a-terpineol, geranyl acetate, eugenol, and chavicol. These compounds are known to have been antiseptic, antioxidant, digestive, and thought to have anti-cancer properties.
  • Fresh leaves are a very rich source of vitamin-C; provide 46.5 mg or 77.5% of RDA per 100 g. Vitamin-C (ascorbic acid) is one of the powerful natural antioxidant that help remove harmful free radicals from the body. Ascorbic acid also has an immune booster, wound healing, and antiviral effects.
  • Furthermore, its fresh leaves and herb parts are superb in folic acid; contain about 180 mg or 45% of daily-recommended values per 100 g. Folates are important in DNA synthesis, and when given during the peri-conception period, they can help prevent neural tube defects in the newborn baby.
  • Bay leaves are an excellent source of vitamin-A; contain 6185 IU or 206% of recommended daily levels per 100 g. Vitamin-A is a natural antioxidant and is essential for normal eyesight. It is also required for maintaining mucosa and skin health. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin A has been found to help to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • The spice is indeed an excellent source of many vitamins such as niacin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, and riboflavin. These B-complex groups of vitamins help in enzyme synthesis, nervous system function, and regulating body metabolism.
  • This leafy spice is an excellent source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese and copper are used by the body as co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell production and as a co-factor for cytochrome oxidase enzymes.

Medicinal uses of bay leaf

  • Medicinally, the benefits of the bay leaf and its berries are plentiful. It has astringent, diuretic, and appetite stimulant properties.
  • Essential oil from the bay leaves contains mostly cineol (50%); furthermore, eugenol, chavicol, acetyl eugenol, methyl eugenol, a- and ß-pinene, phellandrene, linalool, geraniol, and terpineol are also found.
  • Infusions of herb parts are reputed to soothe stomach ulcers and help relieve flatulence and colic pain.
  • The lauric acid in the bay laurel leaves has insect repellent properties.
  • The components in the essential oil can also be used in many traditional medicines in the treatment of arthritis, muscle pain, bronchitis, and flu-symptoms.

Selection and storage

Traditionally, bay leaves are picked and dried slowly under the shade away from direct sunlight to retain their volatile essential oils.

In the spice stores, one might come across different kinds of bay leaf preparations. Completely dry, and ground (spicy powder) forms can also be sold in such stores. Buy from authentic sources and avoid those with off-smell, spots, or fungus-inflicted leaves.

Once at home, store bay leaf in airtight jar or container and keep away from direct light. Since they lose flavor early, laurel leaves should not be kept for longer than a year.

Dried bay laurel berries are also being used as a flavoring items in dishes.

Culinary uses

Glossy, dark-green bay leaves can be used fresh. However, they are at their best after being allowed to wilt under the shade for few days till their bitterness has gone, but the leaves still retain their pleasing aroma.

If you stumble upon bay leaves in the cooked food, just keep them aside before eating. Besides being quite strongly flavored, the laurel leaves are leathery in texture and tough to chew and swallow.

Here are some serving tips:

  • Bay leaf is one of the ingredients in bouquet garni along with thyme, sage, savory, celery, and basil.
  • The spice is also used in the preparation of court bouillon. Court bullion is readymade preparation made of water, salt, white wine, vegetable aromatics (onion and celery), and flavored with bouquet garni and black pepper.
  • Its dried leaves brewed into an herbal tea.
  • Popular as tej patta, dry laurel leaf always found a place in the kitchen spice-box in India. The leaf added to flavor fried-rice, biriyani, chutneys, etc.
  • Bay Laurel is also an essential ingredient in many classic sauces such as bread sauce, tomato sauce, and béchamel.
  • Bay leaves added to flavor cuisines such as seafood, poultry, meat, rice (pulov), and vegetable dishes.
  • Bay leaf used to flavor sweet dishes like sweetbreads, custards, and creams.

Safety profile

Discard Laurel from the food before serving since they may cause choking, may cut tongue and injure digestive tract. Pregnant women should avoid eating them in excess as the chemical compounds in them may cause abortion.
(Medical disclaimer: The information and reference guides on this website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. It is not to be used to diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. Please consult your health care provider for any advice on medications.)

 Best Benefits Of Bay Leaf (Tej Patta) For Skin, Hair And Health

Bay leaf is an aromatic leaf from the evergreen bay laurel tree, native to the Mediterranean. It is most widely used in cooking and preparing perfumes. The Indian bay leaf is basically a three veined leaf which is elliptical, pointed, smooth and tough.

These leaves are pungent and have a sharp, bitter flavor. Their taste and fragrance are somewhat similar to the cinnamon bark but slightly milder. They are used in fresh, dried or powdered form. The oil extracted from bay leaves, called bay leaf oil has medicinal properties and is used to treat several ailments

Due to their bitter taste, bay leaves cannot be eaten directly but are often used to impart flavor to a variety of dishes, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Bay leaf is extensively used in Indian, Nepalese and Bhutanese cuisines. It is an important spice in Moghulai dishes, particularly biryani and korma. Roasted and ground bay leaves are added to the Indian mixture of spices called “Garam Masala”. Myrcene, which is a component of essential oils extracted from bay leaves, is used in perfumery. They also have the property of repelling flies, moths, mice etc. Apart from their culinary uses, they have medicinal properties and are known for their anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and astringent qualities.

Types of Bay Leaves:

These aromatic leaves belong to a variety of plants from different genera. Some of the common varieties of bay leaves are as follows.

  • Bay laurel (Laurus nobilis lauraceae): Also known as Mediterranean bay leaves, these leaves are used in both their fresh and dried forms to flavor soups, stews, braises etc in Mediterranean cuisine. The fresh leaves have a milder flavor and they take several weeks after drying and picking to develop their full flavor.
  • California Bay Leaf (Umbellularia californica)Also known as California laurel, pepperwood and Oregon myrtle, this variety is similar to the Mediterranean bay laurel but has a stronger flavor.
  • Indian Bay Leaf (Cinnamomum tamala, Lauraceae): Indian Bay leaf or malabathrum is somewhat similar in appearance to bay laurel but has a taste and fragrance similar to cinnamon bark which is slightly milder.
  • Indonesian Bay Leaf or Indonesian laurel (salam leaf, Syzgium polyanthum, Myrtaceae): Native to Indonesia, this herb is mostly used for meats and less often for vegetables.
  • West Indian Bay Leaf (Pimenta racemosa, Myrtaceae): This variety is mostly used to produce cologne called bay rum.

Bay Leaf Health Benefits:

Bay leaves contain notable plant-derived compounds, vitamins and minerals which offer a range of benefits. This herb was widely used by the Greeks and Romans who believed that it symbolizes wisdom, peace and protection. The various bay leaf health benefits are given below.

1. Treatment of Diabetes:

Bay leaves have been found to be effective in treating type 2 diabetes as they cause reduction in blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels. To get maximum results, these leaves can be powdered and consumed for 30 days. This will cause a drop in sugar levels in the body as well as regulate the functioning of your heart. This is because the antioxidants in bay leaf enable the body to process insulin more efficiently, thus making it a good choice for diabetics and people with insulin resistance.

2. Good for Digestion:

Bay leaves are good for promoting digestion and can treat digestive disorders such as heartburn and flatulence. Drinking a concoction of bay leaf tea with hot water can alleviate common digestive disorders like constipation, acid reflux and irregular bowel movements. It contains enzymes that enable the breakdown of proteins, thus making it an excellent spice for non-vegetarian diets. In case of indigestion and bloating, you can take 5 grams of bay leaves, add a piece of ginger and boil this in 200 mil of water till ¼ water remains. Add some honey and consume this twice a day for relief. It also acts as an appetite stimulant if you are recovering from illness.

3. Cardiovascular Benefits:

The powerful phytonutrients in bay leaf provide protection against cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. They contain valuable compounds such as rutin, salicylates, caffeic acid and phytonutrients which boost heart health and improve heart function. In case of heart disease and anxiety, boil 3 grams of bay leaves and 3-4 grams of wild rose flowers in 300 ml water till only 75 ml remains. Strain and drink this concoction for relief.

4. Treatment of Cold and Infection:

Bay leaves are effective in fighting the symptoms of cold, flu and infections. In case of respiratory problems, boil water and add 2 to 3 bay leaves. Allow it to steam for 10 minutes. Soak a cloth in this water and place it on your chest to alleviate flu, cold and cough. Bay leaf tea is effective in reducing fever. In case of repeated sneezing, boil some bay leaves in 200 ml water till ¼ remains. Strain and drink this concoction.

5. Relieves Pain:

The oil extracted from bay leaf has anti-inflammatory properties which can ease the pain resulting from sprains, strains, arthritis, rheumatism as well as general pains and aches. Massaging your temples with bay leaf oil helps to relieve migraines and headaches. It also boosts circulation and promotes a feeling of well-being. In case of joint pain, you can make a poultice of ground bay leaves and castor leaves, and tie it around the inflamed joints to reduce pain and swelling. In case of headache, you can boil a few bay leaves in water for a few minutes. Strain and drink this concoction while it is still hot. You can apply a paste of bay leaves on your forehead to get relief from severe headache.

6. Anti-cancer Properties:

Bay leaf contains caffeic acid, quercetin, euganol and catechins all of which possess chemo-protective properties which provide resistance against different types of cancer. They also contain a phytonutrient called parthenolide which has shown to specifically restrain the proliferation of cervical cancer cells.

7. Beneficial during Periconception Period:

Being rich in folic acid, bay leaves are extremely beneficial during the periconception period (3 months before and after pregnancy).By providing sufficient folic acid content to the child; they prevent birth defects in the child. These leaves also have the property of inducing pregnancy.

8. Treatment of Menstrual Problems:

Bay leaves, when taken orally, can induce regular and normal menstruation. They also have the property of curing vaginal discharge.

9. Induces Sleep:

Consuming bay leaves at bedtime helps to induce proper sleep. For this purpose, mix a few drops of the bay leaf extract with water and consume it.

10. Treatment of Nosebleed:

In case of nosebleed, crush 2 to 3 fresh or dry bay leaves. Boil them in 200 ml water till 100 ml remains. Strain and drink this concoction for relief.

11. Clean Teeth:

To get sparkling white teeth, brush them with powdered bay leaves once in 3 days.

12. Insect Repellent:

Bay leaves are a great insect repellent as they contain lauric acid. A dish of bay leaves will ward off insects. A paste made from crushed leaves and little oil relieves stings and bites when applied topically.

13. Treatment of Kidney Problems:

Bay leaves help in treating kidney infections and even kidney stones. For this purpose, boil 5 grams bay leaves in 200 ml water till 50 ml water remains. Strain and drink this twice daily. This will stop the formation of kidney stones.

Bay Leaf Skin Benefits:

Being rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, bay leaf offers various benefits to your skin and has been used in herbal medicine for this purpose. Some of its skin benefits are as follows.

14. Relieves Stressed Skin:

Bay leaf helps to de-stress your skin, thus preventing the occurrence of wrinkles and skin outbreaks. For this purpose, boil 5 dried bay leaves with 2 cups of water, keeping the container covered. Then remove the lid and let it boil for about 2 minutes. Now pour the brew into a large bowl and covering your head with a towel, inhale this steam.

15. Healing Qualities:

Bay leaf has excellent healing properties. It was often used by herbal practitioners for treating snakebite, insect stings and relieving cuts and bruises. Bay leaf oil has antifungal and anti-bacterial properties which can cure skin infections. It is applied topically to heal cuts, bruises and insect bites.

Bay Leaf Hair Benefits:

The nutritional value of bay leaves makes them beneficial for hair health. It has the following benefits for your hair.

16. Treatment of Dandruff and Hair Loss:

A rinse made from infused bay leaves is effective in treating dandruff. Bay leaf tea is considered a great remedy for hair loss. Bay leaf oil is a tonic for hair that effectively combats dandruff and hair loss.

17. Treatment of Head Lice:

For getting rid of head lice, boil about 50 grams of crushed bay leaves in 400 ml water until 100 ml water remains. Strain out the water and apply this on the hair roots. Leave it for 3 to 4 hours and wash off. This will remove the head lice effectively. Adding bhringraj to the bay leaves before boiling will make your hair black, lustrous and healthy.

تیزپات,  ساذج ہندی

ماہیت ۔
یہ پہاڑی درخت ہےجس کا تنا یوکلپٹس کی طرح سیدھا ہوتاہے چیت اور بیساکھ کے ماہ میں اس کو پھول لگتے ہیں اور اساڑھ سے اسوج تک پھل پک کر سیاہ رنگ کا ہوجاتا ہے اس درخت کے خشک پتے دواًءمستعمل ہیں جوایک گرہ تک چوڑے ڈیڈھ گرہ تک لمبے اور نوک دار ہوتے ہیں۔جن میں جڑ سے نوک تک پانچ خط پڑے ہوتے ہیں۔پھل چھوٹے چھوٹے کالی مرچ کی مانند نیپالی دھنے کے نام سےمشہورہیں۔
پتے رنگ میں پیازی جو بعدازاں مائل بزوری چھال بھوری چکنی سی جس پر سفید داغ ہوتے ہیں۔
ذائقہ ۔ تیز چریرا ،جن میں لونگ کی طرح خوشبو ہوتی ہے۔۔
مقام پیدائش ۔ کشمیر شملہ پاکستان اور برما کے پہاڑوں پریہ درخت تین ہزارسے لے کر سات ہزار تک فٹ کی بلندی تک پایا جاتا ہے ۔
مزاج ۔ گرم خشک درجہ دوم ۔
افعال ۔ مفرح مقوی دماغ مقوی معدہ محلل ریاح مدربول وحیض جالی دافع تعفن محلل اورام باردہ۔
استعمال ۔
تزپات کو بطور دوائے امراض قلب مثلاًخفقان وجع الفوائد اور ضعف قلب میں استعمال کرتے ہیں۔اور وسواس جنون وحشت جیسے امراض دماغ میں کھلاتے ہیں۔ ضعف معدہ ضعف ہضم درد شکم درد آمعاء میں اور رحم کی ریاح کو خارج کرنے کیلئے استعمال کرتے ہیں اور ادراربول و حیض کیلئے سرکہ میں پیس کر شکم اور پیڑو پر ضماد کرتے ہیں ۔نیز اندرونی طورپر استعمال کرتے ہیں اسکی دھونی سے بچہ جلدی پیدا ہوجاتا ہے۔بغل کی بدبوکو دور کرنے کے لئے تیزپات کو باریک پیس کر سرکہ میں ملاکر لیپ کرتے ہیں۔یہی عمل کنج ران کیلئے مفید ہے ۔بدبوئے دہن کے ازالہ کیلئے منہ میں رکھ کر چباتے ہیں ۔دافع تعفن ہونے کی وجہ سے تیزپات کے پتوں کو کپڑوں میں رکھ دیتے ہیں۔تاکہ کیڑا نہ لگے ۔بیاض سلاق دھند اور ناخونہ کو دور کرنے کیلئے تنہا یامناسب ادویہ کے ہمراہ مثل سرمہ باریک پیس کر آنکھ میں لگاتے ہیں۔تیزپات مقوی معدہ ہونے کے علاوہ معدہ کی اصلاح کرتا ہے اور ریاح کو تحلیل کرتا ہے۔
فوائد خاص ۔ مفرح مدر مقوی احثاء اور محلل ریاح ۔
مضر۔ پھیپھڑے اور مثانہ کو۔
مصلح ۔ مصطگی اور شربت بہی ۔
بدل ۔ بالچھڑ اور تج ۔
مقدارخوراک – جوشاندہ کی صورت میں تین سے چار گرام سفوف کی صورت میں دو گرام ۔


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